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 PSEB 12th Syllabus 202425 at pseb.ac.in Check and Download Syllabus Here
PSEB 12th Syllabus 202425 at pseb.ac.in Check and Download Syllabus Here
by Keerthika
Updated Sep 02, 2024
PSEB 12th Syllabus 202425 at pseb.ac.in
The Punjab School Education Board (PSEB), the official education authority of Punjab, has released the revised syllabus for students of all classes, from 1st to 12th standard. We are providing the PSEB Class 12th Syllabus 2025 for students who have just started the academic year 20242025 and will be taking their board exams in 2025. You can access subjectwise links to the detailed syllabus, along with PDF download links for each. In addition to the syllabus, students can also find information on the course structure, detailed course content, marking scheme, exam pattern, and more.
Check  PSEB 12th Syllabus 202425
MATHS
Unit I: Relations & Functions 
Chapter 1 Relations and Functions: Types of relations: Reflexive, symmetric, transitive, and equivalence relations. Types of functions: Onetoone and onto functions, composition of functions, and invertible functions 
Chapter 2 Inverse Trigonometric Functions: Definition, Range, Domain, Principal value branches. Graphs of inverse trigonometric functions, Properties of inverse trigonometric functions 
Unit II: Algebra 
Chapter 3 Matrices: Concept, notation, order, equality, types of matrices, zero and identity matrix, transpose of a matrix, symmetric and skewsymmetric matrices. Operation of matrices. Addition and multiplication and multiplication with a scalar. Simple properties of addition, multiplication, and scalar multiplication. Noncommutatively of multiplication of matrices and existence of nonzero matrices whose product is the zero matrices (restrict to square matrices of order 2). Invertible matrices and proof of the uniqueness of inverse, if it exists; (Here all matrices will have real entries). 
Chapter 4 Determinants: Determinant of a square matrix (up to 33 matrices), minors, cofactors and applications of determinants in finding the area of a triangle. Adjoint and inverse of a square matrix. Consistency, inconsistency and number of solutions of system of linear equation by examples, solving system of linear equations in two or three variables (having unique solution) using inverse of a matrix. 
UNIT III: Calculus 
Chapter 5 Continuity and Differentiability: Continuity and Differentiability, derivative of composite functions, chain rule, derivative of inverse trigonometric functions, derivative of implicit function. Concepts of exponential and logarithmic functions. Derivatives of logarithmic and exponential functions. Logarithmic differentiation, derivative of functions expressed in parametric forms. Second order derivatives 
Chapter 6 Applications of Derivatives Applications of derivatives: rate of change, increasing/decreasing functions, maxima and minima (first derivative test motivated geometrically and second derivative test given as a provable tool). Simple problems (that illustrate basic principles and understanding of the subject as well as real life situations) 
Chapter 7 Integrals: Integration as inverse process of differentiation. Integration of a variety of functions by substitution, by partial fractions and by parts, Evaluation of simple integrals of the following types and problems based on them: Fundamental Theorem of Calculus (without proof). Basic properties of definite integrals and evaluation of definite integrals 
Chapter 8 Applications of the Integrals: Applications in finding the area under simple curves, especially lines, circles/parabolas/ellipses (in standard form only). 
Chapter 9 Differential Equations: Definition, order and degree, general and particular solutions of a differential equation. Solution of differential equations by method of separation of variables, solutions of homogeneous differential equations of first order and first degree. Solutions of linear differential equation of the type: 
Unit IV: Vectors And Three Dimensional Geometry 
Chapter 10 Vectors: Vectors and scalars, magnitude and direction of a vector. Direction cosines and direction ratios of vectors. Types of vectors (equal, unit, zero, parallel and collinear vectors), position vector of a point, negative of a vector, components of a vector, addition of vectors, multiplication of a vector by a scalar, position vector of a point dividing a line segment in a given ratio. Definition, Geometrical interpretation, properties and application of scalar (dot) product of vectors, vector (cross) product of vectors. 
Chapter 11 Threedimensional Geometry: Direction cosines and direction ratios of a line joining two points. Cartesian equations and vector equation of a line, skew lines, shortest distance between two lines. Angle between two lines. 
Unit V: Linear Programming 
Chapter 12 Linear Programming: Introduction related terminology such as constraints, objectives function, optimization, Graphical method of solution for problems in two variables, feasible and infeasible regions (bounded or unbounded) feasible and infeasible solutions, optimal feasible solutions (up to three nontrivial constrains) 
Unit VI: Probability 
Chapter 13 Probability: Conditional probability, multiplication theorem on probability, independent events; total probability, Baye's theorem 
English
Section 
Title 
Author 

Section A (Lessons for Intensive Study) 
Hassan's Attendance Problem 
Sudha Murthy 

The March King 
Katherine Little Bakeless 

Thinking Out of the Box: Lateral Thinking 


On Saying 'Please' 
A. G. Gardiner 

The Story of My Life 
Helen Keller 

Two Gentlemen of Verona 
A. J. Cronin 

In Celebration of Being Alive 
Dr. Christian Barnard 

Gadari Babas in Kalapani Jail 
Dr. Harish Puri 
Section B (Poetry) 
Prayer of the Woods 


On Friendship 
Khalil Gibran 

The Echoing Green 
William Blake 

Once upon a Time 
Gabriel Okara 

The Road Not Taken 
Robert Frost 

Father Returning Home 
Dilip Chitre 

On His Blindness 
John Milton 
Section C (Lessons for Extensive Study) 
The School for Sympathy 
E. V. Lucas 

A Chameleon 
Anton Chekhov 

Bholi 
K. A. Abbas 

The Gold Frame 
R. K. Laxman 

The Barber's Trade Union 
Mulk Raj Anand 

The Bull beneath the Earth 
K. S. Virk 
Section D (Grammar and Composition) 
Grammar: Determiners, Nonfinites (Infinitives, Gerunds, Participles), Transformation of Sentences, Voice, Narration 


Composition: Précis writing, Letter writing (Official/Business/To Editors), Application, Explaining Newspaper Headline, Email writing 
PSEB 12th Syllabus 202425? FAQ
The PSEB 12th syllabus includes core subjects such as Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Mathematics, English, Computer Science, and other elective subjects like Economics, Business Studies, Political Science, and Physical Education.
Students can download the PSEB 12th syllabus for the 202425 academic year from the official PSEB website (www.pseb.ac.in) or through direct links provided by the board for each subject's detailed syllabus.